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General Information

Plant Care Instructions By Steve Brigham

Gardeners in Southrern California enjoy one of the finest climates in North America for growing subtropical plants, including most varieties of citrus trees. With the right choice of varieties, you can pick such favorites as lemons, limes, and oranges nearly year \'round in this mild climate.

Is Indoor Plant?

No

These month by month plant care tasks are for plants in the following zones :
Sunset Zones : 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
USDA Zones :
Web Link - For more information

Plant Care Instruction

  • Scroll down or click on any month for plant care instructions
    • January
    • February
    • March
    • April
    • May
    • June
    • July
    • August
    • September
    • October
    • November
    • December
    January
    1. Water

    Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.
    2. Protect

    Protect from heavy frost should it occur.
    3. Harvest

    If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won\'t ripen off the tree, so don\'t pick fruit until fully ripe.
    February
    1. Water

    Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.
    2. Protect

    Protect from heavy frost should it occur.
    3. Harvest

    If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won\'t ripen off the tree, so don\'t pick fruit until fully ripe.
    March
    1. Buy

    Buy plants in containers. Choose healthy plants with lots of new growth.
    2. Plant

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun, using a generous amount of soil amendment. Never plant where drainage is poor.
    3. Fertilize

    Feed with a fertilizer specially formulated for citrus.
    4. Water

    Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.
    5. Mulch

    Maintain a generous layer of mulch to conserve water use and keep roots evenly moist.
    6. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Inspect leaves and branches for pests such as aphids, mealybug, and scale. Check for snails.
    7. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Discourage pests with a strong spray of water directed at the foliage. Control snails.
    8. Harvest

    If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won\'t ripen off the tree, so don\'t pick fruit until fully ripe.
    April
    1. Buy

    Buy plants in containers. Choose healthy plants with lots of new growth.
    2. Plant

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun, using a generous amount of soil amendment. Never plant where drainage is poor.
    3. Water

    Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.
    4. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Inspect leaves and branches for pests such as aphids, mealybug, and scale. Check for snails.
    5. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Discourage pests with a strong spray of water directed at the foliage. Control snails.
    6. Harvest

    If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won\'t ripen off the tree, so don\'t pick fruit until fully ripe.
    May
    1. Buy

    Buy plants in containers. Choose healthy plants with lots of new growth.
    2. Plant

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun, using a generous amount of soil amendment. Never plant where drainage is poor.
    3. Water

    Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.
    4. Prune

    Prune to shape only.
    5. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Inspect leaves and branches for pests such as aphids, mealybug, and scale. Check for snails.
    6. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Discourage pests with a strong spray of water directed at the foliage. Control snails.
    7. Harvest

    If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won\'t ripen off the tree, so don\'t pick fruit until fully ripe.
    June
    1. Buy

    Buy plants in containers. Choose healthy plants with lots of new growth.
    2. Plant

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun, using a generous amount of soil amendment. Never plant where drainage is poor.
    3. Fertilize

    Feed with a fertilizer specially formulated for citrus.
    4. Water

    Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.
    5. Mulch

    Maintain a generous layer of mulch to conserve water use and keep roots evenly moist.
    6. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Inspect leaves and branches for pests such as aphids, mealybug, and scale. Check for snails.
    7. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Discourage pests with a strong spray of water directed at the foliage. Control snails.
    8. Harvest

    If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won\'t ripen off the tree, so don\'t pick fruit until fully ripe.
    July
    1. Buy

    Buy plants in containers. Choose healthy plants with lots of new growth.
    2. Plant

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun, using a generous amount of soil amendment. Never plant where drainage is poor.
    3. Water

    Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.
    4. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Inspect leaves and branches for pests such as aphids, mealybug, and scale. Check for snails.
    5. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Discourage pests with a strong spray of water directed at the foliage. Control snails.
    6. Harvest

    If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won\'t ripen off the tree, so don\'t pick fruit until fully ripe.
    August
    1. Buy

    Buy plants in containers. Choose healthy plants with lots of new growth.
    2. Plant

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun, using a generous amount of soil amendment. Never plant where drainage is poor.
    3. Water

    Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.
    4. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Inspect leaves and branches for pests such as aphids, mealybug, and scale. Check for snails.
    5. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Discourage pests with a strong spray of water directed at the foliage. Control snails.
    6. Harvest

    If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won\'t ripen off the tree, so don\'t pick fruit until fully ripe.
    September
    1. Buy

    Buy plants in containers. Choose healthy plants with lots of new growth.
    2. Plant

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun, using a generous amount of soil amendment. Never plant where drainage is poor.
    3. Fertilize

    Feed with a fertilizer specially formulated for citrus.
    4. Water

    Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.
    5. Prune

    Prune to shape only.
    6. Mulch

    Maintain a generous layer of mulch to conserve water use and keep roots evenly moist.
    7. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Inspect leaves and branches for pests such as aphids, mealybug, and scale. Check for snails.
    8. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Discourage pests with a strong spray of water directed at the foliage. Control snails.
    9. Harvest

    If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won\'t ripen off the tree, so don\'t pick fruit until fully ripe.
    October
    1. Water

    Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.
    2. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Inspect leaves and branches for pests such as aphids, mealybug, and scale. Check for snails.
    3. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Discourage pests with a strong spray of water directed at the foliage. Control snails.
    4. Harvest

    If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won\'t ripen off the tree, so don\'t pick fruit until fully ripe.
    November
    1. Water

    Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.
    2. Protect

    Protect from heavy frost should it occur.
    3. Harvest

    If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won\'t ripen off the tree, so don\'t pick fruit until fully ripe.
    December
    1. Water

    Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.
    2. Protect

    Protect from heavy frost should it occur.
    3. Harvest

    If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won\'t ripen off the tree, so don\'t pick fruit until fully ripe.
  • Buy

    When's the best time to buy this plant? When can you buy these from seed (if you can)? When is it usually available? What are things to look for when you're buying it? Or anything other tidbit of information you can share!

    March

    Buy plants in containers. Choose healthy plants with lots of new growth.

    April

    Buy plants in containers. Choose healthy plants with lots of new growth.

    May

    Buy plants in containers. Choose healthy plants with lots of new growth.

    June

    Buy plants in containers. Choose healthy plants with lots of new growth.

    July

    Buy plants in containers. Choose healthy plants with lots of new growth.

    August

    Buy plants in containers. Choose healthy plants with lots of new growth.

    September

    Buy plants in containers. Choose healthy plants with lots of new growth.

    October

    Buy plants in containers. Choose healthy plants with lots of new growth.

    Plant

    When's a good time to plant this plant or bulb? Any special planting instructions?

    March

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun, using a generous amount of soil amendment. Never plant where drainage is poor.

    April

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun, using a generous amount of soil amendment. Never plant where drainage is poor.

    May

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun, using a generous amount of soil amendment. Never plant where drainage is poor.

    June

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun, using a generous amount of soil amendment. Never plant where drainage is poor.

    July

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun, using a generous amount of soil amendment. Never plant where drainage is poor.

    August

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun, using a generous amount of soil amendment. Never plant where drainage is poor.

    September

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun, using a generous amount of soil amendment. Never plant where drainage is poor.

    Fertilize

    When should you fertilize this plant? Which kind of fertilizer do you recommend? Should you use different fertilizers at different times of year?

    March

    Feed with a fertilizer specially formulated for citrus.

    June

    Feed with a fertilizer specially formulated for citrus.

    September

    Feed with a fertilizer specially formulated for citrus.

    Water

    Is there a time to reduce or increase watering? Any special requirements? Things to avoid during certain times of the year?

    January

    Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.

    February

    Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.

    March

    Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.

    April

    Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.

    May

    Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.

    June

    Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.

    July

    Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.

    August

    Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.

    September

    Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.

    October

    Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.

    November

    Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.

    December

    Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.

    Prune

    When's a good time to prune this plant? How about deadheading, pinching back, trimming or any other grooming? Any special requirements?

    May

    Prune to shape only.

    September

    Prune to shape only.

    Mulch

    Does this plant need to be mulched? Are there specific types of Mulch which are better for this plant? How much?

    March

    Maintain a generous layer of mulch to conserve water use and keep roots evenly moist.

    June

    Maintain a generous layer of mulch to conserve water use and keep roots evenly moist.

    September

    Maintain a generous layer of mulch to conserve water use and keep roots evenly moist.

    Protect

    When and how should you protect this plant from birds, deer, rabbits? Does this plant need be covered, or wrapped or painted or moved?

    January

    Protect from heavy frost should it occur.

    February

    Protect from heavy frost should it occur.

    November

    Protect from heavy frost should it occur.

    December

    Protect from heavy frost should it occur.

    Pest/Disease Inspection

    What are the common problems this plant will face and when should you look for them to appear?

    March

    Inspect leaves and branches for pests such as aphids, mealybug, and scale. Check for snails.

    April

    Inspect leaves and branches for pests such as aphids, mealybug, and scale. Check for snails.

    May

    Inspect leaves and branches for pests such as aphids, mealybug, and scale. Check for snails.

    June

    Inspect leaves and branches for pests such as aphids, mealybug, and scale. Check for snails.

    July

    Inspect leaves and branches for pests such as aphids, mealybug, and scale. Check for snails.

    August

    Inspect leaves and branches for pests such as aphids, mealybug, and scale. Check for snails.

    September

    Inspect leaves and branches for pests such as aphids, mealybug, and scale. Check for snails.

    October

    Inspect leaves and branches for pests such as aphids, mealybug, and scale. Check for snails.

    Treat for Pest/Disease

    How do you treat the common problems for this plant? What products or concoctions or natural means do you use? Any special requirements?

    March

    Discourage pests with a strong spray of water directed at the foliage. Control snails.

    April

    Discourage pests with a strong spray of water directed at the foliage. Control snails.

    May

    Discourage pests with a strong spray of water directed at the foliage. Control snails.

    June

    Discourage pests with a strong spray of water directed at the foliage. Control snails.

    July

    Discourage pests with a strong spray of water directed at the foliage. Control snails.

    August

    Discourage pests with a strong spray of water directed at the foliage. Control snails.

    September

    Discourage pests with a strong spray of water directed at the foliage. Control snails.

    October

    Discourage pests with a strong spray of water directed at the foliage. Control snails.

    Harvest

    When's a good time to harvest this plant? What's the best way to harvest? Are there special requirements or features?

    January

    If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won\'t ripen off the tree, so don\'t pick fruit until fully ripe.

    February

    If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won\'t ripen off the tree, so don\'t pick fruit until fully ripe.

    March

    If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won\'t ripen off the tree, so don\'t pick fruit until fully ripe.

    April

    If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won\'t ripen off the tree, so don\'t pick fruit until fully ripe.

    May

    If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won\'t ripen off the tree, so don\'t pick fruit until fully ripe.

    June

    If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won\'t ripen off the tree, so don\'t pick fruit until fully ripe.

    July

    If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won\'t ripen off the tree, so don\'t pick fruit until fully ripe.

    August

    If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won\'t ripen off the tree, so don\'t pick fruit until fully ripe.

    September

    If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won\'t ripen off the tree, so don\'t pick fruit until fully ripe.

    October

    If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won\'t ripen off the tree, so don\'t pick fruit until fully ripe.

    November

    If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won\'t ripen off the tree, so don\'t pick fruit until fully ripe.

    December

    If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won\'t ripen off the tree, so don\'t pick fruit until fully ripe.

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